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What is Dandruff? Causes and Treatment of Dandruff

Treatment of dandruff

Three out of six people in the world experience dandruff at least once in life. While most people face this problem on a regular basis, which leads to irritation, inflammation, itchiness, and habit of scratching. Treatment of dandruff is as important as of other diseases because it can not only affects self-confidence but also give way to other scalp problems.

What causes dandruff?

Dandruff is basically a flaky scalp. It is the excess oil clumped together in the form of flakes that appears in the hair, eyebrows, and beard, causing itchiness and irritation.  It is also called seborrheic dermatitis or seborrhea, that can be related to several factors – from wrong habits that harm the scalp, to the presence of fungi and even some health problems.

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For each case, it is possible to treat it depending on the severity of the symptoms. But if dandruff doesn’t subside even after fixing all the issues and wrong routine, it is time to seek medical help.

Here are some treatments of dandruff that will help you get rid of your recurring dandruff.

Ways to Treat Dandruff

Wash your hair correctly:- To get rid of dandruff, you must adequately wash your hair while following a specific pattern. It will help you reduce the occurrence of dandruff and scalp flakes.

Following these instructions can effectively treat dandruff.

  • Wash your hair every day, or at least in every two days
  • Apply an anti-dandruff shampoo only to the scalp and let it act for two to five minutes
  • Apply the shampoo rubbing gently to prevent further flaking
  • Then you can wash your hair with your regular shampoo and apply the conditioner just below the ear line, if necessary.
  • Avoid very hot baths, leaving the water temperature warm, to avoid greasiness.

Always dry your hair:- Having your hair wet for a long time, especially when you go to sleep with it still damp, makes the scalp more conducive to the proliferation of fungi that can further increase flaking while making the treatment of dandruff more difficult.

Use the dryer with colder temperatures to avoid, as in the case of the hot bath, a greater stimulus for oil production in the region.

Another good tip to avoid humidity in the region is to be careful when wearing caps, increasing perspiration.

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Think carefully before doing chemicals:

Chemicals can increase dandruff and its peeling. So it is essential to think carefully before doing procedures such as hair coloring or progressive brushes.

It is because this type of intervention attacks the region, promoting an accelerated skin change. It is usual for the skin to be changed every 21 days or so, but it is hard to notice its occurrence.

Choose an excellent Anti-Dandruff Shampoo:

Some shampoos can help eliminate dandruff, and there are several options available on the market. These anti-dandruff shampoos have beneficial effects in eliminating dandruff as they contain all the necessary ingredients and oils that help prevent dandruff.

Most of these dandruff shampoos are vegan and 100% organic. Among the most natural options are products with tea tree oil, which has antifungal action and helps fight dandruff. Sulfur also helps to control the region’s microbiota, which can help reduce the problem.

Another important tip is to know that always using the same shampoo does not cause dandruff. Hair doesn’t get sick nor get used to a shampoo. We can get sick of the smell or seek a change, but not the hair, so you can stick on your favorite shampoo that suits your hair the most.

Invest in Products with Natural Oils:

Tea Tree oil, Castor oil, and even clay can be used to soothe inflammation in the scalp caused by dandruff. Since castor oil is very thick, it is usually diluted in almond oil or a moisturizer before being applied. Its benefit is to be little comedogenic and astringent, avoiding oiliness and fighting fungi, which are the leading causes of dandruff.

Natural oils can help regulate the sebaceous gland, which can reduce the oiliness to prevent dandruff. But before investing in oil directly, know that there are already several products on the market that have these ingredients in their composition, such as some specialized dandruff shampoo as are made of organic ingredients and naturals oils to combat dandruff.

Use Gel Sparingly:

The gel and conditioner, if used at the roots of the hair, can be harmful to those who want to end dandruff. It is because the gel closes the follicle, which worsens oiliness and flaking. It the better to avoid using gel directly on the scalp.

Treat other Health Problems:

There are several other health problems linked to dandruff, such as:

  • Psoriasis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Stress
  • Emotional tension
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Hormonal problems

Therefore, if you have one of these conditions, keeping it regulated or treated can also help in the disappearance of dandruff.

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Talk to your doctor about dandruff and see if you can do anything to improve the symptoms.

Procedures in the office:

If changing habits do not decrease the amount of dandruff, it is suggested to seek help from a dermatologist or trichologist (a specialty that takes care of the hair) besides using anti-dandruff shampoos.

Some risk factors show dandruff may need medical help, such as:

  • Redness
  • Intense itching
  • Increased hair loss
  • Presence of coarser dandruff – which does not look like “flour.”

In these cases, it is necessary to seek a dermatologist immediately.

In addition to the shampoos explicitly recommended for your type of dandruff, some dermatologists may offer the application of LED, with low emission light, to control the flora and de-flame the scalp.

Dandruff Remedies:

In addition to the office procedures, the dermatologists also recommend the use of oral remedies for more severe cases of dandruff.

Among them are oral antifungals and even anti-inflammatories, such as corticosteroids, which are prescribed according to the type of dandruff to improve the condition.

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