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What is Dandruff? Causes and Treatment of Dandruff

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Treatment of dandruff

Three out of six people in the world experience dandruff at least once in life. While most people face this problem on a regular basis, which leads to irritation, inflammation, itchiness, and habit of scratching. Treatment of dandruff is as important as of other diseases because it can not only affects self-confidence but also give way to other scalp problems.

What causes dandruff?

Dandruff is basically a flaky scalp. It is the excess oil clumped together in the form of flakes that appears in the hair, eyebrows, and beard, causing itchiness and irritation.  It is also called seborrheic dermatitis or seborrhea, that can be related to several factors – from wrong habits that harm the scalp, to the presence of fungi and even some health problems.

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For each case, it is possible to treat it depending on the severity of the symptoms. But if dandruff doesn’t subside even after fixing all the issues and wrong routine, it is time to seek medical help.

Here are some treatments of dandruff that will help you get rid of your recurring dandruff.

Ways to Treat Dandruff

Wash your hair correctly:- To get rid of dandruff, you must adequately wash your hair while following a specific pattern. It will help you reduce the occurrence of dandruff and scalp flakes.

Following these instructions can effectively treat dandruff.

  • Wash your hair every day, or at least in every two days
  • Apply an anti-dandruff shampoo only to the scalp and let it act for two to five minutes
  • Apply the shampoo rubbing gently to prevent further flaking
  • Then you can wash your hair with your regular shampoo and apply the conditioner just below the ear line, if necessary.
  • Avoid very hot baths, leaving the water temperature warm, to avoid greasiness.

Always dry your hair:- Having your hair wet for a long time, especially when you go to sleep with it still damp, makes the scalp more conducive to the proliferation of fungi that can further increase flaking while making the treatment of dandruff more difficult.

Use the dryer with colder temperatures to avoid, as in the case of the hot bath, a greater stimulus for oil production in the region.

Another good tip to avoid humidity in the region is to be careful when wearing caps, increasing perspiration.

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Think carefully before doing chemicals:

Chemicals can increase dandruff and its peeling. So it is essential to think carefully before doing procedures such as hair coloring or progressive brushes.

It is because this type of intervention attacks the region, promoting an accelerated skin change. It is usual for the skin to be changed every 21 days or so, but it is hard to notice its occurrence.

Choose an excellent Anti-Dandruff Shampoo:

Some shampoos can help eliminate dandruff, and there are several options available on the market. These anti-dandruff shampoos have beneficial effects in eliminating dandruff as they contain all the necessary ingredients and oils that help prevent dandruff.

Most of these dandruff shampoos are vegan and 100% organic. Among the most natural options are products with tea tree oil, which has antifungal action and helps fight dandruff. Sulfur also helps to control the region’s microbiota, which can help reduce the problem.

Another important tip is to know that always using the same shampoo does not cause dandruff. Hair doesn’t get sick nor get used to a shampoo. We can get sick of the smell or seek a change, but not the hair, so you can stick on your favorite shampoo that suits your hair the most.

Invest in Products with Natural Oils:

Tea Tree oil, Castor oil, and even clay can be used to soothe inflammation in the scalp caused by dandruff. Since castor oil is very thick, it is usually diluted in almond oil or a moisturizer before being applied. Its benefit is to be little comedogenic and astringent, avoiding oiliness and fighting fungi, which are the leading causes of dandruff.

Natural oils can help regulate the sebaceous gland, which can reduce the oiliness to prevent dandruff. But before investing in oil directly, know that there are already several products on the market that have these ingredients in their composition, such as some specialized dandruff shampoo as are made of organic ingredients and naturals oils to combat dandruff.

Use Gel Sparingly:

The gel and conditioner, if used at the roots of the hair, can be harmful to those who want to end dandruff. It is because the gel closes the follicle, which worsens oiliness and flaking. It the better to avoid using gel directly on the scalp.

Treat other Health Problems:

There are several other health problems linked to dandruff, such as:

  • Psoriasis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Stress
  • Emotional tension
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Hormonal problems

Therefore, if you have one of these conditions, keeping it regulated or treated can also help in the disappearance of dandruff.

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Talk to your doctor about dandruff and see if you can do anything to improve the symptoms.

Procedures in the office:

If changing habits do not decrease the amount of dandruff, it is suggested to seek help from a dermatologist or trichologist (a specialty that takes care of the hair) besides using anti-dandruff shampoos.

Some risk factors show dandruff may need medical help, such as:

  • Redness
  • Intense itching
  • Increased hair loss
  • Presence of coarser dandruff – which does not look like “flour.”

In these cases, it is necessary to seek a dermatologist immediately.

In addition to the shampoos explicitly recommended for your type of dandruff, some dermatologists may offer the application of LED, with low emission light, to control the flora and de-flame the scalp.

Dandruff Remedies:

In addition to the office procedures, the dermatologists also recommend the use of oral remedies for more severe cases of dandruff.

Among them are oral antifungals and even anti-inflammatories, such as corticosteroids, which are prescribed according to the type of dandruff to improve the condition.

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Hair Care

Is Getting a Blowout Bad for Your Naturally Curly Hair?

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naturally curly hair

What is a blowout?

Simply put, a blowout is a method of straightening (also drying) natural black hair using a blow dryer with a diffuser. It transforms your hair from its natural texture to a smooth straight texture by stretching out your coils.

What styles do you get from a blowout?

After stretching your coils with a blow dryer and brushed out with a comb attachment, you are left with a voluminous, textured, semi-straight look like that of Solange Knowles’ afro blowout. Although a blowout is a style on its own, it is also an important step to creating other styles. Get inspired by some of the best blown out curly hairstyles below:

  • Voluminous Afro
voluminous afro
volumious afro

Go home or go big with this gorgeous bigger than life Afro attained after a perfect blow out.

  • Small Afro

Take your look to new heights with this fresh blow out on your short haircut. Keep it short, keep it cool.

  • Round cut

To put your perfectly structured afro on display, blow out your naturally short curly hair.

  • High ponytail

Whether puffy or sleek, this is the easiest style to boost a second day blow out while giving out a high-fashion vibe.

  • Popping curls

You can fashion your blown out hair into this gorgeous lush ringlets using a rod set.

  • FRO hawk

The funkiest way to rock a blowout- a captivating frohawk, the trendiest short curly hair of 2020.

  • Curly hair do

A curly girl’s guide to a non-damaging blowout

Add more life to your blowout style by adding these stunning defined curls.

  • Topknot

Sleek half-up top knots are a great and easy alternative to putting blown out hair up.

  • Side braid

Pull all your hair to one side and do a simple braid off the shoulder. This style has generated optimum volume and length by a blowout.

  • Chignon

Chignons are all the rage these days. A smooth neat chignon on blown out hair brings class into formal and casual looks.

  • Big bun

Look at this gorgeous sleek bun Weave hairstyle on blown out long hair. It’s an elevated alternative to a regular messy bun.

  • Afro puff

Accent a short blown out Afro puff with a headband- an easy way to upgrade your everyday style.

  • Halo twist

The key to a beautiful thick halo twist up do is to blow out your hair first. This twisted halo is definitely a stunner.

Is a blowout bad for naturally curly hair?

Is a blowout bad for naturally curly hair

While heat can be potentially damaging to curly hair, even more so than straight hair since this type of hair is very dry and prone to breakage, a blowout if carried out correctly and safely can be beneficial to your natural texture. This method is also gentler on the hair compared to other straightening methods that use heat. If you are not confident enough to create this style on your own, always seek professional help and make sure you commit to a healthy aftercare. Blowouts are what makes naturally curly hair even more magical!

Also Check – How to Use an Afro Pick for Big Curly Hair

Best curly hair products of 2020

  • Shampoo: Garnier Fructis Curl Norish Shampoo
  • Deep conditioner: Deva Curl One Condition Original
  • Heat protectant: Indique Hair Care Essentials Heat Guard
  • Moisturizer: Afro Sheen Texture Gel Cream, Quidad Curl Quencher Moisturizing Gel
  • Finishing cream/serum: Indique Hair Care Essentials Shine Spray
  • Blow dryer: Dyson Supersonic Hair Dryer
  • Styling brush: GHD Ceramic Vented Radial Brush
  • Detangling brush: Tangle Teezer
  • Towel: Deva Curl Deva Towel Anti-Frizz Microfiber Towel

Tips for a natural hair blowout

Tips for a natural hair blowout
Tips for a natural hair blowout

To achieve a natural blowout with minimal hair damage, here are some tried-and-tested tips and haircare steps to follow

  • Pre-poo

Although optional, it’s advisable to detangle and prep your hair first before you jump into the shower. You can slather on a deep conditioner or a light weight oil to help with the process. For detangling, first use your fingers and then a wide tooth comb or a detangling brush. Let the pre poo sit for half an hour before washing it off with water. Pre poo prepares the hair for the wash process. This extra step will make your routine much easier by making the strands soft and tangle-free and also adds extra nourishment to dry hair.

  • Always start with clean hair

The first and foremost step to achieve a good blowout on naturally curly hair is to get your locks properly washed and well-conditioned. This mainly assists in ease of product application and detangling hair. Curly hair is much drier than other hair types because of lack of natural oils due to its curl pattern. And blow drying can further dry the hair. Therefore, we suggest using the most hydrating and nourishing (also sulfate and paraben free) shampoos and conditioners for your curly hair. Rinse out the shampoo with warm water to open up the cuticle and conditioner with cold water to seal in the moisture.

  • Semi-dry your hair

Never try to apply products or blow dry soaking-wet strands. Instead wrap your hair into a super absorbent towel right after washing to remove excess water.

  • Hydrate your locks

Once your hair is damp and free of knots, massage a super-hydrating leave-in product through your hair and let it sit. Besides its hydrating qualities, it also works as a heat protectant, which is crucial to use before applying heat to hair.

  • Get the right tools

Invest in a high quality ionic blow dryer with nozzle attachment and multiple settings for both air and temperature. Curls work great on medium and low settings. Regarding power of the tool, 1400 watts is enough. Also get a good round brush (of a size that matches your curls) with soft bristles to help you get the straightened look.

Tips To Protect Your Curly Hair

Tips To Protect Your Curly Hair
Tips To Protect Your Curly Hair
  • Protect

Prior to blowout, use a heat protectant suited for your hair type. For maximum coverage, part your hair in sections and apply the product from mid-shaft to ends. A heat protectant saves your ends from breakage, maintains color treated hair and also makes your blowout last a bit longer.

  • Rough dry your hair

Before you start working in sections with a brush, rough dry your hair on medium heat until your hair is about 70 percent dry. Use your fingers to do so.

  • Section and blow-dry/style

Now it’s time to finally blow out your natural hair. Section off your hair into manageable parts and secure them using individual clips. Start at the top of your head. Using a brush, on a low or medium heat setting, blow dry hair from ends to root with the concentrator nozzle pointed downward in order to keep the cuticle smooth. Patiently repeat this process section by section until you achieve your desired straightness.

  • Apply finishing cream
Apply finishing cream
Apply finishing cream

Once your strands are beautifully blown out, apply a dime sized amount of finishing cream onto your lengths and ends. This final step seals in moisture and wards of frizz.

And Voila! You now have a voluminous Indique Hair salon-worthy blowout that you can style any way you want.

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Hair Care

How to Use an Afro Pick for Big Curly Hair

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How to Use an Afro Pick for Big Curly Hair

Afro picks have gradually become a staple for different curly hair types over the years, and obviously, we still love them because of the major benefits they provide us. 

Looking For Volume For Your Big Curly Long Hair?

Say no more! For you can trust an afro pick to help with that with the snap of your finger.

They detangle easily without causing much damage when used carefully and in the right manner.

If you don’t know what an afro pick is, let’s begin from there before anything else is said.

An Afro pick is a type of comb that looks like a painter’s brush – basically. Its teeth are wider and more spacious than regular combs, and it is often used for combing and styling big curly hair.

It usually makes life easier by lifting hair up from the roots, giving that springy voluminous result most curly hair people crave so much.

Despite the possibility of a little frizz when using afro picks, they are still very much used across the world and I believe they are going to be around a little longer.

Preparation

It’s important to start with moisturized strands to prevent roughness and breakage during the process. Wash your big curly hair with a sulfate-free shampoo. Apply a moisturizing spray. Let your hair dry completely. Now carefully observe your hair and select the area which needs more volume. It is preferable not to pick the areas of hair around your temples because you don’t want the frizz in those baby hairs. You may use clips for sectioning your hair, but it’s completely optional.

The Steps

  1. Now grab your Afro pick. There are two types of Afro pick available. You can use any of the types depending on your hair type. If you have thick and heavy hair, styling with the metallic one will be convenient. However, the plastic ones are more comfortable to use because its softer teeth will not snag in your hair.
  2. Bend your head forward and pick the hair at the bottom, near the neck. Make sure you pick your hair from the roots. Remember you don’t have to comb your hair from root to the tips. Only comb up to three centimeters from your roots. This will frizz out your roots a bit that will result in added volume.
  3. After you are done with the hair at your back, give your head a wiggle. Give your hair a shakeout and now pick your hair from the place you have missed while holding your head down. You may spray a few spritzes of your moisturizer again. Add your desired amount of volume.
  4. You can finish off your look by spraying it with a shine spray.

If you’re trying to achieve big curly hair with bangs look, we would recommend you go see a stylist if you’re not sure how to get that done by yourself. Depending on your hair texture, this look might be a little difficult to achieve with very little skills or know-how.

Make sure your big curly long hair is well nourished. While picking your hair don’t skip the moisturizer. You may apply a moisturizing serum to save your picked hair from drying up.

How often should you pick your hair

The key is that you should properly moisturize your big curly hair with bangs in between the picking sessions and also after the picking itself. You can pick your hair every two weeks, but if you want to go ahead and do this as often as needed, feel free to!

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There’s really no strict way to go about this, since it usually comes down to a matter of preference and need.

What to Avoid While Using an Afro Pick

Following your naturally curly hair dos and don’ts is the best way to keep your curls healthy and bouncy. When using an afro pick, you might want to consider the following rules;

  1. Use the Afro pick on completely dry hair
  2. Be gentle with your roots or you may pull them out of your scalp.
  3. Don’t overdo it. Excessive picking may put the hair strand under undue stress and cause it to break.
  4. Use your Afro pick only at the selected places where you want the volume.
  5. Don’t tug all the way through. Only lift at the roots and stop. Pulling your pick through your lengths is a serious mistake.
  6. Don’t use too many big curly hair products

Growing and maintaining your natural hair is not a walk in the park. You may make many mistakes along your healthy hair journey. But as long as you are working on your mistakes and growing out of them, one day you will surely get advanced with your methods and processes, and it will all be a lot easier too.

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