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Hyperglycemia: A Contributing Factor to Diabetes


Hyperglycemia occurs when the sugar level in the blood is higher than usual. It is commonly seen in people with diabetes, where the body’s insulin production is altered. It is normal for the sugar level to shoot up momentarily when you consume anything sweet or with high levels of carbohydrates. However, it is also vital for this level to return to normal.

If the sugar level is constantly high in your blood, that is, if you have hyperglycemia, you may have diabetes. Therefore, it is essential to get your diabetes checked if you are exhibiting the symptoms of high blood sugar.

Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar

High blood sugar refers to a higher-than-normal amount of glucose in the blood. This occurs when the insulin is not able to break down the glucose molecules and convert them to ATP. Thus, a certain amount of glucose accumulates in the blood, resulting in diabetes. Diabetes is diagnosed with the help of a blood test at different intervals with respect to food consumption. Here are some common symptoms of high blood sugar that you must be aware of:

  • A constant need to eat: When your body’s cells need energy, they create a sense of hunger. This is because glucose is generally obtained from the food you consume if they are not sugar free. However, in the case of hyperglycemia, there is enough glucose inside the body, but it cannot metabolize to release energy.
  • Rapid weight loss: Weight loss due to an unknown reason is another common symptom associated with hyperglycemia. In normal situations, the muscles consume glucose to perform daily functions. However, when the body is not able to get energy, the body starts to break down the muscles and fat. This results in unintentional weight loss, which is quite unhealthy for the body.
  • A constant feeling of fatigue: Since the body’s cells cannot receive enough energy, they are constantly tired. Another common phenomenon is the production of lactic acid inside the body. This can result in muscle cramps and sharp shooting pain. Patients with hyperglycemia are often tired, irrespective of whether they are active or do nothing.
  • Increase urination output: Patients with hyperglycemia have a constant urge to urinate. They have very loose bladder control and often need to visit the washroom to release small quantities of urine. This can also cause dehydration which leads to feeling tired. This can also be associated with severe abdominal pain.
  • Frequent headaches: As the brain cells are devoid of oxygen, they frequently get tired. This results in severe headaches. In addition, patients often complain that they can feel their brains banging against the skull. Most patients also complain of frequent episodes of fainting or loss of consciousness.
  • Blurring of vision: Hypercalcemia can also cause leakage of eye fluid. It results in the swelling of the eye lens and altering its shape. Thus, the patients often have blurry vision and cannot focus properly in one place.
  • Delayed healing: Diabetic patients often have wounds and brushes that do not heal for a long period. This is because the sugar inside the blood severely affects the nervous system resulting in poor circulation. Delayed healing is often seen in extremities of the body, such as the hands and legs. Minor injuries are often the leading cause of severe infections. Diabetic foot is another common example of delayed healing. Drainage, surgical intervention, and amputation may also be needed in extreme cases.
  • Feeling of numbness and tingling in the fingers and toes: As hypoglycemia has an adverse effect on the nervous system, it can also damage the nerve endings. This damage, which causes a tingling sensation or numbness, is known as diabetic neuropathy. It affects the fingers and toes but can also be seen in the rest of the body in advanced cases. Patients who are not able to control diabetes experience this more than others.
  • Development of skin tags: These are small folds of skin that are slightly darker in colour in the rest of the area. They can easily be found in the armpits, face, or neck. Skin tags are often related to warning signs of hyperglycemia.
  • Frequent yeast infection: Candida albicans is the most common fungus that affects the genital areas of humans. Having genital infections once a twice a year is pretty normal in most individuals. However, in the case of diabetes, since the body’s immunity is low, this infection’s frequency is much higher. It can also be related to redness, pain during urination, vaginal itching, abnormal discharge, and pain during intercourse.
  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis refers to swollen or bleeding gums. This often increases in cases of severe infections or lower immunity in the body. In diabetic patients, the bodily response to infection dramatically decreases. This often results in swollen or bleeding gums. This can also be associated with a dry mouth and a fruity-smelling breath. This is often accompanied by pain and sensitivity.

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Hypoglycemia is commonly seen in patients with diabetes. It is important to keep track of the symptoms of high blood sugar. Early detection of diabetes can help in easy management and prognosis. Eat healthily with diet chart for diabetes, exercise regularly, and stay fit for a long and happy life.

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