Bone and joint disorders have always been one of the most prevalent physiological problems, owing to factors such as – old age, sports injuries, occupational habits/hazards, and physical accidents. Orthopedics is a branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the musculoskeletal system of the human body and corrects the deformities of the spine and/or bones. If you experience extreme pain in one of your bones or joints, an orthopedist should be your go-to person. , you can check Instant Ortho for more information. The orthopedic specialist team at Advanced Pain Care offers extensive treatments for various types of orthopedic conditions, relating to body parts such as:
- Back or spine
- Hands & Wrists
- Legs & Hips
Among the orthopedic problems listed above, one of the most common is shoulder pain. Although poor postures, an injury/fall, and other such reasons can cause shoulder problems, chronic shoulder pain may occur due to conditions like:
- Frozen shoulder – Stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint caused by either of these – rotator cuff injury, broken arm, stroke, or post-surgery.
- Dislocated shoulder – A dislocated shoulder is an injury where the bone of the upper arm bulges out of the socket-shaped cup, located in the shoulder blade.
- Osteoarthritis – It’s the breakdown of joints due to aging, injuries, obesity, etc., and can be a common reason for pain in the shoulder joints.
- Rheumatoid arthritis – A chronic inflammatory disorder that may impact the shoulder joints.
- Avascular necrosis – Also called osteonecrosis, it results in the death of bone tissue, owing to the insufficient blood flow to a section of a specific bone.
- Brachial plexus injury – Injury to the brachial plexus (nerves connecting the spinal cord to shoulder, arm and hand) during sports or any physical activity also lead to shoulder pain.
- Broken arm – Damage to any of the three bones in the arm — the ulna, radius and humerus, may also affect the shoulder located at the side of that broken arm.
- Broken collarbone – As the collarbone is connected to the shoulder blade, any damage to it directly affects the shoulder.
- Septic arthritis – Infection in shoulder joints (or any joint) as a result of an animal bite or trauma may lead to pain in the shoulders.
- Rotator cuff injury – Damage to the rotator cuff (group of muscles and tendons around the shoulder joint) is likely to cause mild or severe pain in the shoulders.
- Bursitis – Inflammation of the bursae (fluid-filled sacs in joints protecting from friction) near the shoulder joint also causes severe pain.
- Other causes – Sprains, tendinitis (inflammation or irritation of a tendon), tendon rupture and torn cartilage can also be some of the common reasons for shoulder pain.
The orthopedic surgeons in waco are experts in determining the root cause of the pain and choosing the best shoulder pain treatment.
Non-Surgical Treatment for Shoulder Pain
There are a number of ways to treat less severe shoulder pains without surgeries. Some of these therapies include:
- Rest & Physical therapy
Temporarily stopping the activities that caused the pain is a great way to ensure complete healing of the affected joint. For instance, if a rigorous exercise regime or regular participation in intense sports has led to chronic pain, the physician will recommend a break from these activities to allow natural healing of the body. Along with this, physical therapies that speed up the recovery process include massage, heat, exercises, and acupuncture (aimed at restoring and maintaining shoulder flexibility and range of motion). Frozen shoulder and labrum tears (injury to soft tissue in the joint socket) can be treated with these methods.
Over-the-counter pills, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), analgesics, and pain-relief ointments can help in providing immediate relief from the pain. Doctors may recommend treating rotator cuff injuries with these medication options, sometimes in combination with other orthopedic treatments in Orthopedic Urgent Care.
- Steroid injection
Steroid jabs like corticosteroids imitate the effect of cortisone which is produced by the body to reduce inflammations. If your inflammation is due to a systemic inflammatory disease and in one or a few joints, this injection might manage pain effectively. Frozen shoulder and rotator cuff injuries can be treated with steroid injections.
- Regenerative medicine treatments
This is an outpatient process that uses human biological tissues like blood, fat or bone marrow to regenerate and heal the affected tissues. Regenerative medicine therapies like platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy and stem cell therapy have been found useful in healing tendon, muscle, and joint issues that cause shoulder pain.
It’s important to understand that these are just a few commonly used treatments for non-surgical shoulder pains. As per the requirements of your situation, orthopedic doctors may go for various other kinds of therapies and medications.
Also, Check – Top 7 Fascinating Facts About Vitamin C for Your Body
Surgical Treatment for Shoulder Pain
There are certain conditions that cannot be treated with non-operative treatments and require sophisticated surgical methods. Some of the commonly performed shoulder surgeries are:
- Repair of the rotator cuff tendon – Rotator cuff tears are generally caused by a fall or sudden jerk, repetitive use injury, or wear and tear from aging. After the arthroscopic surgery, the patient is required to use the sling for 4-6 weeks and the recovery may take up to 6 months.
- Debridement – Debridement is a minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery for removing irritated or inflamed tissue. This treatment may be combined with pain medications, injections, and physical therapy for patients with an extensive medical history of chronic shoulder pain.
- Arthroscopic labral repair – Shoulder dislocation or repetitive shoulder movements while playing golf, tennis, football, baseball, etc. may damage the labrum (soft cartilage around the shoulder socket portion) and lead to severe pain. Arthroscopic labral tear surgery repairs the labrum with a recovery period of up to 4 months.
- Reverse total shoulder replacement – One of the 3 types of shoulder replacement surgeries, it is performed for treating rotator cuff arthropathy to enable joint movement. It involves the removal of arthritic parts of the bones attached to the shoulder joint.
- Shoulder arthroscopy – Another minor surgery, this one is used for treating rotator cuff tears or shoulder impingement. The arthroscope (a tiny camera) is inserted into the shoulder through a small incision for inspecting all the tissues of the shoulder joint and operating on them accordingly.
Now that you know how advanced orthopedics can help your chronic shoulder pain, you must seek immediate medical consultation to live a zealous, pain-free life.
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